Maiths Trin: The expansion of civilization.
Craft Gullds within the Kingdom
Craft Guilds are different from Royal Guilds in two ways one they are normally only local to the City or Town they are found in and two their charter often comes from a local lord and not the Crown. Most are large group of like minded crafter interested in keeping a closed market of goods. They often form in an area of good supply so that cost are less. some guild are come through out the Kingdom other are only found in areas of great supply or demand. While Blacksmith guild can be found in every major town and city, Furnature makers may not for example.
Rules of the Craft Guilds
These rules were included in the charters of the Craft Guilds and included:
◾A ban on, or fines imposed, on any illicit trading by non Craft Guild members
◾Fines were imposed on any Craft Guild members who violated the charter of their particular Craft Guild
◾Members of the Craft Guilds were protected and any member who fell sick was cared for by the guild. Burials of guild members were arranged and the Craft Guilds undertook to care for any orphans
◾The members of Craft Guilds also provided protection of their horses, wagons, and goods when moving about the land as travelling can be dangerous, however Merchant guild often take the matter for many Guilds.
The Craft Guilds ensured that their craft or trade effectively became a ‘closed shop’ or monopoly preventing any outside competition. Prices were fixed between members of the Craft Guilds. And the Craft Guilds ensured that high standards of quality were maintained. The number of Craft Guild members were also regulated, allowing a restricted membership in order to ensure that the numbers of Craft Guilds did not exceed the business requirements.
To Become a member of Craft Guilds
A man or woman will have to work through three phases to become a member of a Medieval Craft Guild during the Middle Ages.
◾Apprentice – A Craft Guild Apprentice is sent to work for a ‘Master’ during his early teens. The Craft Guild Apprenticeship lasted between 5 and 9 years depending on the trade. During this time the apprentice received no wages – just his board, lodging and training. An Apprentice was not allowed to marry until he reached the status of a Journeyman
◾Journeyman – A Craft Guild Journeyman is paid for his labour. During this time the Journeyman would create his ‘Masterpiece’, in his own time, which he would present to the Craft Guild as evidence of his craftsmanship in the hope of being accepted as a Craft Guild ‘Master’. It was difficult to reach the status of ‘Master’ and much depended on the Journeyman’s standing and acceptance by the top members of the Craft Guild
◾Master – A Craft Guild Master does set up his own workshop and then train his own apprentices