Maiths Trin: The expansion of civilization.
Feudalism within the Kingdom of Marthis
All land within the Kingdom belongs to the Crown, though Scholars may dispute that the original three Duchies are the true owners and the Royal house is only one of these. Practically the Crown owns all land and givens its adminstration to its Vassels, who then repeat the process until you have the Barons and Baronets, this is further leased to the people that then farm the lands, live on it or raise live stock. Each level pays an agreed amount in coin and/or produce and/or Labour. Nobles protect and govern the peasantry to keep order. this system creates three broad classes of peope
The Crown is the is the Soverign and his government, this includes the Small Council and Privy Council as well as the Royal Army and Navy and the sherif system within the Justice system. It also includes any direct agents or Knights of the Crown’s House
Upper Nobles are those that hold land in Vassal directly from the Crown.
Princes traditionally have been the top level of upper nobility, but their hasn’t been a principality within the Kingdom since the end of the Robert Rebellion the Principality of Norfolk was reduced to a Duchy.
Dukes are effectivally the only fuctioning level of upper nobility, they are very powerful nobles and at times have rivaled the crown in military power. They are all very wealthy and have vast holdings.
At various times Marquis were also considered Upper Nobility because Marks on creation have often been held direct from the Crown but hasn’t been so since just before the Robert Rebellion.
Marquis are generally consider the top level of Lower nobility, they often have greater leyway and pay less taxes and rents to their lords than Counts largely because being on the border of the Kingdom means more trouble and need for more military.
Counts are the middle group and dispite their higher taxes and rents are generally wealther than Marquis. This generally is enough to keep the friction between the groups low.
The Barons are the most numerous members of Noblity and also the poorest, though several exception exist. They are a most in touch with the peasant class and generally the most aware of what is going on. they also tend to be younger families than the other levels of Nobles, several have been created in living memory after all.
Yeomen are the upper level of the Peasanty they server directly the nobles in some way or are Priests of a reconized temple or Church, Officers of towns and Cities as well as grandmasters of Chartered Guild are also Yeomen by tradition. They are punished differently than the rest of the Peasantry and often have a better standard of living.
Technically there is no difference legally between a Townsmen and a Freeman other than a townmen lives in a chartered Town or City, but fuctionally they is a difference, a town’s person will generally face justice in the town or city they serve in even if they commit a crime in other places in the kingdom. further they often are slightly wealther than their rural counter-parts and depending on ability can strive to much hire wealth without becoming adventurers. they also have advantages of not being so dependent of the weather or other outside forces for their livelihood.
Freemen or peasants
Freemen are the rural farmers that form the backbone of the Kingdom everyone depends on them though few remember to thank them. While technically free to do what they like and go where ever they want, they are often if not always tied to a rental contract for land or in service to a more wealthy Freeman as labour. Almost all Nobles have rental contract for the Tillable land in their Fief, these are often five or ten year leases though some nobles offer twienty and thirity year leases as well. While a freeman is in one of these contracts he is effectivally tied tto the land and can leave. granted that ties only him and his heir to the contract, his other children are not tied. Most leases have been in families for hundreds of years.
Exceptions and special cases
Freehold farming is a custom that exist where a group of freemen stake out and set to reclaim a farm abbandoned for more than ten years or entirly new land. such land can’t be forest but anything else is game as long as it not in a nobles reserves, such land is peg as such. These freehold will have smaller rents generally for generation, some free hold are so far from anything that they will almost always have smaller rents unless they become a village in their own right. Freehold farmy are often experence farm labourers and their families attepting to strike out on their own, hoping thier skill will give them success. In much of the settle areas of the kingdom Freeholding is the only way to gain new land contracts.
Charter Towns and Cities
Charter Towns and Cities are Urban areas that have asked for and recieved a Charter from their Noble that oversees the area or the Crown directly. These charters agree to a Tax directly to the Noble or the Crown in exchange for a number of rights and privilages, these often inclued always having criminal trials in their home town, the ability to have a monoply on a raw materal or manufactared goods, and other such details, further within the Charter will define how the town or city will be govern. the biggest change is that the Town or City can effectivally sell, land within it boundries. technically it still belongs to the Crown, but it adminstration is governed by the Charter allowing for lump some payments sto be made to the Town or City government for the excusive use of the land. The Writs often also know as deeds are sellable to any citizen of the Kingdom. Sales to non-citizens need to go through the Town or City government for approval.